Hello ! I’m sorry I would have post this picture at the beginning of my blog but I didn’t reach to post it (thanks Virginie for your help !)
So this is dolly, the first alive beeing “who” have been cloned. She lived until 6 years old, which is normal for a ewe, but some pessimist people think that her cells would not live more longer because they would get older faster than cells of “natural” ewe.dolly.jpg Now this is how they give birth to Dolly : (sorry the picture is probably too little to see something ….)cloning-sheep.gif


March 24, 2006 at 8:10 am Leave a comment

Grammar points on Chapter 5

"Better for us (and for you) had you never existed.": first it makes me think about an expression learn last year: "the sooner the better" … but there is nothing is common, except "better" ! :D. It's could as expressions of comparison, employing the pluperfect which have a value of result. 

®Better for us had CPE never been invented …  (be cool strikes just go on …) 

Could + BV : “Could” can express 2 possibilities :

  –“can” in the past (which is not the case here).

® It was ten o’clock when Paul asked his father if he could go to the party … (do not ask before, it would be too easy !!!)

   a possibility in an imaginary situation : it’s the situation of my extract… If we knew how clone people, we could permit to unfertile couples to have children.

®If I was my own boss, I could choose when go on holidays … 

Would + BV: it expresses 2 possibilities:

   – it expresses the past of “will”, when it expresses a wish. (too much express kill expression lol) 

® She wanted him to go away, but he wouldn’t.

   – it is employed instead of “will” when the hypothesis isn’t sure at all or in indirect style. That’s the case here ….

® If scientist understand how cells grow, they would prevent people from becoming older.

®If I was a jedi, I would travel all around the universe to protect justice. (this is an example of imaginary situation !)  

March 21, 2006 at 5:16 pm Leave a comment

Vocabulary about chapter 5

Cattle : livestock, group of animal you’ve got and you work with
® Cowboys are riding all day long to protect their cattle.

Begotten : in fact it’s the pp. of beget !Beget means breed, engender.® You beget a child.

Bone : our skeleton is composed of bones.
® We often gives bones to dogs.
® If you break one of your bone, you’ll have your member in plaster.
Broadly : generally, most often, widely
® British broadly think that all french eat frogs.
Forerunner : precursor
® The 2 brother Lumière where forerunner in the creation of film.
® You are a forerunner if you creat or think something before everybody.
Framework : structure
® The framework of Human is the skeleton, which permit us to be stand up.
Grievous : serious, grave,
® Human cloning and its consequences is a grievous topic.
Inheritance : heritage, legs
® When somebody of your family dies, you can get an inheritance
® In our D.N.A. we’ve got inheritance from both parents.
Likelihood : probablility
® The likelihood for me to become rich and fame is very weak !
Marrow : pith, core
® The marrow wich is in our banes of the back is called spinal chord.
Narrow : tight
® When you don’t accept changement in society or in your life, you are narrow minded.
Nurture : to bring up, to raise
® Parents have to nurture their children.
Unforeseen : unexpected
® Yesterday, an unforeseen scene happened: I’ve found 20 euros in the street !
Unwarranted (to be): unjustified
® She pass her exams but it was unwarranted: she never worked during the year.
Waive (to): to abandon, to give up, to withdraw
® As her graduation where not very good, she waives her project to enter in Cambridge.

March 21, 2006 at 5:16 pm Leave a comment

Report of the Council of Bioethics

This report is very long, so I just read some parts which seem to be interesting.
I choose the chapter five, about the cloning to produce children
I.                    The case for cloning-to-produce-children
A.    Purposes
1.      To produce biologically related children
2.      To avoid genetic disease
3.      To obtain “rejection-proof” transplant
4.      To replicated a “loved one”
5.      To reproduce individuals of great genius, talent, of beauty
B.     Arguments
1.      The goodness of Human freedom
2.      The goodness of existence
3.      The goodness of Well-being
C.    Critique and conclusion
II.                 The case against cloning-to-produce-children
A.    The ethics of human experimentation
1.      Problems of safety
2.      A special problem of consent
3.      Problems of exploitation of women and just distribution of risk
4.      conclusion
B.     The human context : procreation and child reading
C.    Identity, manufacture, eugenics, family and society
1.      Problems of Identity and Individuality
2.      Concerns regarding Manufacture
3.      Prospect of a New Eugenics
4.      Troubled Family Relations
5.      Effects on Society
       D. Conclusion
So the conclusion of the council is that Human Cloning to produce children is unmoral and unsafe.

About legislation: The Nuremberg Code of 1947 and the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 are international trade which protect human being from experimentation and ethical violations. Influential in the United States is also the Belmont Report, published in 1978 by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.


March 20, 2006 at 8:48 pm Leave a comment

Progression …

So today is march 20th 2006 and I know that I spent a long time without writing anything in my blog.

For the moment I’ve got my problematic, some documents (4 are in links) and I already worked in 2.

Problems:I’ve created a grammar category, find some expressions to put in but I still don’t know how explain why they are built as they are and how I am supposed to do …

28th march: great, I’ve found some things to explain in my grammar point …

I classed my links but this presentation of blog doesn’t make it appears so I’m sorry, just search it in alphabetic order …

I didn’t reach to post a photo … grr I don’t like technology at all when it doesn’t work easily !!

28th march: just forget, I understood how it works, I ‘m going to be a professional … one day … maybe …

Positive aspects:I don’t think that I’m latter for the building of my blog and final article … Hope it will still be like that …

Writting a blog is a way to work little by little, from everywhere I want ! And that’s true that it’s funny to think that everybody can read what I wrote, even if it seems that nobody do it … I need publicity !!

March 20, 2006 at 5:33 pm 1 comment

Gramar point on 1st document

To allow to do something : this form permit to not employ modal, it give a impression of impersonality: you're not allowed to smoke: that's a fact, the law, and I can't do anything about this…®The teacher decided to allow Josh to enter later in the class (but he has to be punctual, because of the school’s rules.
To consider it to be….when done on….: Sorry, I didn’t find anything about this … If YOU find, just let a comment ! To prevent from: this preposition is always employed with "prevent" : you prevent somebody from doing something (do not employ TO !) .. if you want to work your prepositions … click on the site : ® My parents prevent me from going to a party (that’s not fun at all, but this is the only example I found ! :D)
To prohibit… while preserving :in fact, while shows a period which last in the history, and the -ing that it is a general act, we could translate it by "tout en preservant". It gives an impression of global activity, which won't stop.®Ecologist try to make government to change their legislation while do illegal actions.

March 13, 2006 at 6:42 pm Leave a comment

Vocabulary about the 1st document

Dire : horrible, terrible

® The plague was a dire desease.
Ovum : the « egg » of women.
® When they are fertilized, ovums evolute until the creation of baby.
Ewe: it’s an animal, easily recognizable by its cry: “bee bee”. More seriously we employ its wool to creat pull-over.
Overwhelming: terrible, crushing.
®The weight of a cow is overwhelming compared to the one of a baby.
To be scheduled: to be program for a date.
® His operation is scheduled for monday.

March 13, 2006 at 6:39 pm 1 comment

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